How Solar Panels Work?

Solar energy is one of the cleanest renewable energy sources that can be converted into electrical energy or thermal energy. Many countries around the world have extremely large resources in terms of solar energy use. Solar energy technologies offer highly economical and efficient solutions for commercial, industrial or individual uses.

What is the Solar Panel and How Does it Work?

A nuclear reactor 150 million kilometers from Earth, the sun sends enough energy to meet the world's annual energy requirements every hour. This energy, which reaches the world in small packages and photons, is a type of renewable energy that does not cause carbon emissions. Solar panels, also known as solar modules, consist of a silicon cell layer, a metal frame, a glass housing unit, and cables that transfer electricity.

Silicon, a non-metal, is an element with conductive properties that allows sunlight to be absorbed and converted into electrical energy. For this reason, silicone material is used in solar panel construction. When the sunlight hits the silicon cell, an electrical current starts as a result of the reaction. This feature, also known as the "photovoltaic effect", is the main principle of solar panels. “How do solar panels work?” we can summarize the answer to the question as follows:

  • Silicone material absorbs radiation from the sun in energy packages.
  • The rays coming into the solar panel as photons interact with the silicon solar cells and the movement of the electrons begins.
  • The electricity generated in the form of direct current (DC) as a result of electron movements in silicon cells is carried to the electrical devices to be used through cables.
  • Depending on the type of solar panel used, the generated direct current form electricity can be transported to an inverter and converted to alternating current (AC).

The combination of multiple solar cells made of silicone material creates "solar panels". Systems with a large number of solar panels are called solar energy systems. The total power of an installed solar energy system is directly proportional to the number of panels in the system. In solar energy systems designed for commercial or industrial use, it is necessary to use a large number of solar panels in order to meet the high energy requirement.

Renewable Energy Supply Solar Panels

Solar energy is a type of energy used in many different fields and sectors. Many projects are carried out today regarding this energy type, which is extremely clean and renewable for different energy needs. Solar energy also stands out as a highly efficient energy source in parallel with the developing technology. Despite all these superior features, today, only less than three percent of the world's energy needs are met by solar energy. However, we can say that the interest in solar energy is increasing as the costs decrease and the performance increases significantly with technological advances.

In addition to being environmentally friendly and efficient, solar energy is a very cheap renewable energy source. In order to benefit from solar energy anywhere in the world, only an area with an appropriate amount of sunlight and the installation of the necessary systems is sufficient. This situation creates an extremely important advantage in terms of sustainable energy production. Unlike fuels such as oil, coal and gas, there are no problems such as the depletion of resources in solar energy.

As long as our sun exists, the high-energy rays of the sun continue to reach the Earth. Even the efficient use of very little of this energy is theoretically sufficient to meet all the energy needs of the world. Renewable energy sources such as solar energy are in great demand in developed and developing countries. Extremely environmentally friendly, low maintenance, low operating costs and easy installation are the most important factors that make solar energy systems attractive.

Solar Panels for Houses

Advances in panel technology, decrease in costs and increase in efficiency are among the most important factors that increase the use of solar energy in homes. In this respect, we can easily say that solar energy is becoming a trend among renewable energy sources. Solar energy, which does not pollute nature, does not cause carbon emissions and does not generate any greenhouse gases, is extremely environmentally friendly and safe. In order to benefit from this type of clean energy, it is sufficient to have the house in a position suitable for panel installation and with sufficient sunlight.

One of the most important factors that make the use of solar energy attractive for houses is that this type of energy is extremely cheap. By investing only once in solar energy systems, you can avoid unpredictable increases in the overall electricity grid and enjoy cheap electricity. Batteries, which are part of solar energy systems and store energy, enable the use of electrical energy produced even on rainy days and nights.

What are the Advantages of Solar Energy?

The most important advantages of solar energy are being environmentally friendly and renewable, low maintenance costs and free of charge other than facility expenses. Solar energy, which is extremely economical and provides energy freedom to businesses, has also become very important for large-scale factories. The factories equipped with solar energy systems have many important advantages such as less service interruption, high plant value and environmentally friendly company image as well as economic advantages.

Kutes Makine's modern production facility in Çorlu has advanced solar energy systems with 240 KWP power. These modern systems, which prevent carbon dioxide emissions of 149.6 tons every year, have a significant contribution to the protection of nature as well as high energy efficiency. This solar energy system, which has a production capacity equivalent to the electricity needs of 80 households, enables hundreds of trees to be brought to nature every year. Kutes Makine attaches great importance to the use of renewable and clean energy sources such as solar energy for a more livable world.

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